Timeline to the miners' strike
THE miners' strike of 1984 drove a wedge between communities, even families, that remain to this day.
In one police division alone there were officers with sons, brothers fathers and husbands of working miners, striking miners and colliery managers.
It cost £200m to police – half a billion at today's values – with officers from 30 different forces around the country being brought in to control the picketing.
More than 9,500 people were arrested, more than 10,000 charges were brought, ranging from three counts of murder to 66 offences of drunkenness.
Business Cards From Only £10.95 Delivered www.myprint-247.co.ukView details
Contact: 01858 468192
Valid until: Friday, May 31 2013
By 1984, coal's viability in a changing energy market was declining. The National Coal Board announced that 20 pits and 20,000 jobs had to go.
On March 1, Arthur Scargill and the NUM executive raised their standard in South Yorkshire where 9,000 men downed tools at two doomed pits.
The stoppage spread to Scotland and the number of striking miners mushroomed.
March 10: Notts miners called for a national ballot on strike.
March 15: Yorkshire miner David Jones died from injuries sustained while picketing at Ollerton.
March 16: Notts, Midlands, South Derbyshire and Lancashire NUM areas all vote against strike.
March 18: 3,000 police officers are assembled in Notts to control an invasion of flying pickets.
March 29: The government promises to pay for policing.
April 5: Notts NUM votes to carry on working.
April 23: A special NUM conference agrees to allow a national strike on a majority vote rather than 55% ... but does not call for a national ballot.
May 25: The strike is declared unconstitutional.
May 30: Arthur Scargill is arrested and injured during violent scenes at Orgreave coke works near Sheffield.
July 10: Notts miners gain an injunction to stop the NUM punishing working miners.
July 11: NUM leaders vote to defy the order.
September 9: As the strike drags on, more peace talks are held.
September 28: Pit deputies union NACODs votes to join the strike. A High Court judge rules the strike in Yorkshire and Derbyshire unlawful because they did not hold a ballot.
October 8: The dispute goes to ACAS.
October 10: Scargill is fined £1,000 and the NUM £200,000 for contempt of court – he says he will not pay.
October 15: ACAS talks collapse.
October 16: NACODs decides to go ahead with their strike, only to call it off after NCB makes concessions.
October 31: Latest ACAS talks collapse.
November 2: NCB offers £650 in pre-Christmas pay to striking miners who go back to work.
November 19: The trickle back to work begins.
November 20: North Wales NUM give up the strike.
January 13: The NCB says it is prepared to recognise Notts miners if they are expelled from the NUM.
January 24: Arthur Scargill rejects NCB demand to discuss pit closures
February 4: Talks fail ... but more miners go back to work.
February 18: Nearly half striking miners have returned to work ... but NUM leaders reject new peace plan.
March 2: As the return to work gathers pace, Yorkshire demands an amnesty for 700 sacked miners before it will vote to go back. The following day a special delegate conference votes for a return to work ... without an amnesty.
Surveying the wreckage of the year-long dispute, Arthur Scargill blamed the trade union movement for leaving the miners isolated.
In 1983, Britain had 170 working mines. Today there are four working deep mines, two in Notts at Thoresby and Welbeck. Welbeck is due to cease production at the end of the year. A third Notts pit, Harworth, is in mothballs.